Sanskrit Name: Visuddha

Meaning: Purification

Location: Throat

Element: Sound

Function: Communication, creativity

Inner State: Synthesis of ideas into symbols

Outer Manifestation: Vibration

Glands: Thyroid, parathyroid

Other Body Parts: Neck, shoulders, arms, hands

Malfunction: Sore throat, stiff neck, colds, thyroid problems, hearing problems

Color: Bright blue

Sense: Hearing

Seed Sound: Ham

Vowel Sound: Eee

Petals: Sixteen, all the Sanskrit vowels

Sephira: Geburah, Chesed

Planet: Mercury

Metal: Mercury

Foods: Fruits

Corresponding Verb: I speak

Yoga Path: Mantra yoga

Herbs for Incense: Frankincense, benzoin, mace

Minerals: Turquoise, aquamarine, celestite

Animals: Elephant, bull, lion

Guna: Rajas

Lotus Symbols: Downward triangle, within which is a white circle, thought to represent the full moon. In the circle is a white elephant, over which is the Bija symbol, ham. The deities in the lotus are Sadasiva, a three-eyed, five-faced, ten-armed form of Shiva, seated on a white bull, clothed in a tiger skin with garland of snakes. The Goddess is Gauri, shining one, consort of Shiva, thought by some to be a corn goddess. Gauri is also the name of a class of goddesses which includes Uma, Parvati, Rambha, Totala, and Tripura.

Hindu Deities: Ganga (river goddess, related to purification), Sarasvati

Other Pantheons: Hermes, the Muses, Apollo, Brigit, Seshat, Nabu

Chief Operating Quality: Resonance

Visuddha Chakra
Reference: Chakras Wheels Of Life by Anodea Judith, Ph.D.
Chakras In Detail